دوشنبه , 27 فوریه 2017
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نمونه سوال زبان انگلیسی(شماره 6)

Camera footage shows that illegal goods —- into the warehouse last week.

1-are being smuggled

2-smuggled

3-are smuggled

4-were smuggled


پاسخ گزینه 4 می باشد.

در ادامه مطالب آموزش زبان امروز به مبحث معلوم و مجهول می پردازیم.

جملات می توانند به صورت معلوم و یا مجهول باشند،افعال نیز دارای دو شکل معلوم و مجهول هستند.

در جملات معلوم چیزی که عمل را انجام می دهد فاعل جمله است و چیزی که عمل را دریافت می کند مفعول می باشد.

اکثر عبارات به صورت معلوم هستند.

ساختار جملات معلوم به صورت زیر است.

[thing doing action]+[verb]+[thing receiving action]

در جملات مجهول چیزی که عمل را دریافت می کند فاعل جمله است و چیزی که عمل را انجام می دهد مفعول است که حضورش در جمله اختیاری است و معمولا نزدیک به آخر جمله می آید.زمانی می توان از شکل مجهول جملات استفاده کرد که چیزی که عمل را دریافت می کند مهم تر باشد و نیاز به تاکید داشته باشد یا زمانی که نمی دانیم چه کسی کار را انجام داده است یا نمی خواهید اشاره کنید که چه کسی کار را انجام داده است.

ساختار جملات مجهول به صورت زیر است.

[thing receiving action]+[be]+[past participle of verb]+[by]+[thing doing action]

جملات معلوم و مجهول در زمان های مختلف فعل به صورت زیر هستند.

Simple Present

Once a week,Tom cleans the home.

Once a week,the house is cleaned by Tom.

Present Continuous

Right now,Sarah is writing the letter.

Right now,the letter is being written by Sarah.

Simple Past

Sam repaired the car.

The car was repaired by Sam.

Past Continuous

The salesman was helping the customer when thief came into the store.

The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store.

Present Perfect

Many tourists have visited that castle.

That castle has been visited by many tourists.

Present Perfect Continuous

Chef Jones had been preparing the restaurant’s fantastic dinners for two years before he moved to Paris.

The restaurant’s fantastic dinners had been being prepared by chef Jones for two years before he moved to Paris.

Simple Future-Will

Someone will finish the work by 5:00 PM.

The work will be finished by 5:00 PM.

Simple Future-Be going to

Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight.

A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight.

Future Continuous-Will

At 8:00 PM tonight,John will be washing the dishes.

At 8:00 PM tonight,the dishes will be being washed by john.

Future Continuous-Be going to

At 8:00 PM tonight,John is going to be washing the dishes.

At 8:00 PM tonight,the dishes are going to be being washed by john.

Future Perfect-Will

They will have completed the project before the deadline.

The project will have been completed before the deadline.

Future Perfect-Be going to

They are going to have completed the project before the deadline.

The project is going to have been completed before the deadline.

Future Perfect Continuous-Will

The famous artist will have been painting the moral for over six months by time it is finished.

The moral Will have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished.

Future Perfect Continuous-Be going to

The famous artist is going to have been painting the moral for over six months by time it is finished.

The moral is going to have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished.

Used to

Jerry used to pay the bills.

The bills used to be paid by Jerry.

Would Always

My mother would always make the pies.

The pies would Always be made by my mother.

Future in the Past-Would

I know John would finish the work by 5:00 PM.

I know the work would be finished by 5:00 PM.

Future in the Past-Was going to

I thought Sally was going to made a beautiful dinner tonight.

I thought a beautiful dinner was going to be made by Sally tonight.

About آرام قادری

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نمونه سوال زبان انگلیسی(شماره 3)

در ادامه بررسی روزانه نمونه سوال زبان انگلیسی به بررسی تست زیر می پردازیم. The …

One comment

  1. با سلام و خسته نباشید . از زحمت های شبانه روزی شما خیلی سپاس گذاریم امیدوارم تا همیشه سربلند باشید

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